Tired of the same old gingerbread house each Christmas? Just four (mostly straight) walls and a gable roof? Challenge yourself this year to break out of that mold and make one of Pennsylvania’s landmarks instead!
I was scrolling through Facebook the other day and noticed a post from the Heritage Documentation Programs at the National Park Service (NPS) about using drawings from the online public HABS/HAER/HALS collections for gingerbread houses or holiday villages!
And here is an interesting fun fact that you can use to impress your helpers while you build your gingerbread creation: the term “gingerbread” was used to mean a dessert made with ginger starting in 15th century England. Gingerbread houses started in 16th century Germany and their popularity rose with the Brothers Grimm tale of Hansel and Gretel. Check out this link from PBS for more history.
What is HABS/HAER/HALS?
In case you’re not familiar with these acronyms, I’ve give you some quick background. They stand for:
- HABS: Historic American Buildings Survey
- HAER: Historic American Engineering Record
- HALS: Historic American Landscapes Survey
These three collections are housed in the Library of Congress as part of the Prints and Photographs Division. The collections can contain one or more of the following types of documentation: measured drawings, large format black and white or color photographs, and data pages with property information and some history.
The collection started with HABS in 1933 as a joint NPS, Library of Congress, and American Institute of Architects (AIA) program to document America’s landmarks and architectural heritage – and help architects, historians, and artists find work during the Great Depression. It is often considered the federal government’s first preservation program, decades before the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, which established most of the programs we use today like the National Register of Historic Places.
HAER was established in 1969 and this time the National Park Service and Library of Congress teamed up with the American Society of Civil Engineers. This partnership has grown and changed over the years but one thing has remained the same: bridges, as the most ubiquitous historic engineering structures in the country, are among the most common documented structures in the collection. Ships, steel works, railroads, canals, and other networks are also appropriate subjects to document with HAER.
HALS was the last collection to be added in 2000 and its mission is to record historic landscapes throughout the US and its territories. NPS and the Library of Congress work with the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) for this collection, which can include a wide range of historic landscapes from a vegetable garden to a cemetery to a nuclear test site(!).
A HABS/HAER/HALS Gingerbread Extravaganza!
So why not browse the collections and find a Pennsylvania landmark to recreate in this holiday confection? Why stick with the same old thing?
Getting started is easy! Go to http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/ and type in the name of a building, bridge, place, county, etc. into the search box and click “Go”. If you go with the basic “Pennsylvania”, you’ll get 36,826 hits, so you might want to narrow your search!
Depending on your skill level, creativity, and time, you can look simply look at a photograph or two for inspiration or download the measured drawings. Make sure to take a few minutes to read through the data pages and learn the history behind your choice!
There are lots of places online to find out the basics of gingerbread house building – I typed “build your own gingerbread house” into my favorite search engine and found tons of articles and videos.
If you’re feeling overwhelmed, here are a few of the places I’m considering this year:
- Hope Lodge, Fort Washington, Montgomery County
- Academia Covered Bridge, Academia, Juniata County
- St. Michael’s Creek Orthodox Church, Woodvale, Cambria County
- Pennsylvania Railroad Station, Bryn Mawr, Montgomery County
- John F. Singer House, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County
The real – and gingerbread – places that matter
What’s important about the holidays – and your gingerbread house – is that its about the people and places that are important to you. There are thousands of places documented through HABS/HAER/HALS for inspiration but the best gingerbread house is always the one you build of the places you love with the people you cherish.
Gather your neighbors and build a replica of your favorite hangout or your family and recreate your great-grandparents farm house. Whatever it is, make sure its a place that matters to you.
Tell us about your creation!
Share your ideas and inspirations with us by commenting on this post or tagging us at #PATrailsofHistory or #PASHPO in your social media post. Suggestions for other places to replicate in gingerbread? Photos of your own creation? Let us know about it!